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The chimpanzees in Bossou
VELUadult in 1976 female
Velu has had four offspring,
none of whom have remained in Bossou.
She likes to take life slowly in her old age, and enjoys nothing more than spending an afternoon feeding and resting in the company of Yo.
JIREadult in 1976 female
'meaning path in manon'
Jire has had seven offspring and is the most beautiful of the Bossou females. She is well respected by all community members. She is probably one of the best mothers due to her relaxed manner and caring nature.
JEJEborn in 1997 male
JEJE is a quiet, sensible and chilled out young male.
This does not stop him, however, protecting his mother whenever necessary, even if this means having to confront fully grown adult males.
YOadult in 1976 female
'manon for the local palm wine'
Old and charismatic, Yo is the dominant female of the Bossou community despite her age. She is suspected to have immigrated into the Bossou community. Since her arrival she has reared five offspring.
FANAadult in 1976 female
'meaning brush in manon'
Fana has to date successfully raised three infants.
Her left shoulder is dislocated, but she is still able to continue her daily activities. She is timid and is quite often bullied by the oldest male Tua.
FOAFborn in 1980 male
FOAF was the alpha-male of the Bossou community from 1998 until spring of 2004. He has a strong alliance with Tua, but spends most of his time with his favorite adult female, PAMA, especially when she is in estrous. His attempts to entice her to join him on consortships have nevertheless recently been hampered by YOLO, the new alpha male of the community.
FANLEborn in 1997 female
She gave birth to FLANLE at the young age of 9 years and 11 months old. She is a good first time mother and a keen tool-user, thus a good model for her infant.
The number of Bossou chimpanzees has decreased to eight following the death of FANLE's eldest son, FLANLE, at age 7, due to an unidentified illness at the end of August 2016. Because the Bossou chimpanzee community remains semi-isolated from neighboring groups of chimpanzees (see here for more details), their population is now less than half the size it was 20 years ago.
Photo: 'Flanle' aged 3 years playing (taken January 2011)
© Anup Shah & Fiona Rogers